Dry Skin: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

  • by Ansaligy Social

What Causes Dry Skin and How to Take Care of it?

When the skin cannot hold onto the moisture, it becomes dehydrated and extremely dry leading to flaky, scaly, itchy, and rough skin. Dry skin may also cause redness and rashes if it becomes extremely itchy and inflamed. Also known as ‘Xerosis,’ dryness is common in all age groups. Some people have dry skin naturally, but for some people, certain factors like weather changes, UV damage, overbathing, or the use of harsh soaps become the cause of dry skin. This blog talks about all the factors that lead to dry skin and ways to remedy or care for dry and dehydrated skin.

Causes of Dry Skin

Dry skin results from water loss from the skin when the skin is unable to retain water or moisture. This could be due to several reasons.

  • Age. The middle layer of the skin contains sebaceous glands that produce natural oils for the skin. These natural oils reach the outermost layer through the follicles to help retain moisture into the skin and prevent germs and other environmental substances from entering the skin. But, as we age, skin becomes thinner and produces fewer natural oils because of which skin is unable to hold onto the moisture, leading to dehydrated and dry skin. 
  • Sun Damage. UV rays harm unprotected skin in more ways than one. Prolonged hours under the sun can damage or even kill skin cells giving you dry and pigmented skin. As a result, the outermost layer of the skin becomes thick and dehydrated, giving you flaky, scaly, and rough skin. 
  • Hot Shower. If you take long showers with hot water, your skin is more susceptible to dehydration. Hot water strips your skin off of natural oils that help retain moisture into the skin. This gives way to dehydrated and dry skin. 
  • Harsh Winters. Chilly air in winters does not have the capacity to hold moisture, which is why winter air is always dry. Dry winter air results in loss of natural oils and water from the skin, leaving it extremely dry. 
  • Indoor Heating. During winters or in colder places, indoor heating further strips the air off of whatever little moisture is left, making your skin dry, flaky, and dull.
  • Harsh Soaps. Some soaps and cleansers are made to get rid of oil from the skin, but they end up stripping the skin of all the essential oils, leaving it extremely dry. 
  • Medical Treatments. Often, people receiving cancer treatment or any other radiation therapy or chemotherapy start to have dry skin. This is because radiation and chemotherapy kill body cells, including skin cells. This hampers the skin’s protective barrier, leaving the skin unprotected, dry, dehydrated, flaky, scaly, and sometimes inflamed. 
  • Severe Skin Problems. Severe skin conditions like Psoriasis or atopic dermatitis give extremely dry skin with redness and rashes.

How to Identify If You Have Dry Skin?

Some people have dry skin naturally, but some develop dry skin for the aforementioned reasons. Here are a few symptoms that tell if you have dry skin. 

  • Stretchy and tight skin (especially after shower) 
  • Itching 
  • Redness
  • Skin that looks and feels rough and dull
  • Flaky, scaly, or cracky skin, giving an ashy appearance 

How to Remedy or Treat Dry Skin?

There are many simpler ways to take care of dry skin or prevent the skin from going dry. 

  • Follow a Daily Skincare Routine. Follow a daily skincare routine consisting of cleansing, toning, and moisturizing. Make sure to always use skincare products as per dry skin. 
    • Cleansing helps remove dirt, oil, and other unwanted debris from the skin. It also helps remove makeup and is the first step in letting the skin breathe. You can use a cream-based gentle cleanser that hydrates the skin and doesn’t strip the skin of essential oils. 
    • Toning helps in closing the open pores from cleansing, removing any last traces of makeup, and tightening the pores. Use an alcohol-free toner that maintains your skin’s pH level.
    • Lastly, moisturization helps to nourish the skin. It is one of the most critical steps in hydrating the skin to maintain the health of the skin barrier. People with dry skin can use an oil-based moisturizer that also hydrates. Never forget to moisturize your arms, hands, and legs.
  • Drink Water. Drink a healthy amount of water to quench your body and your skin. Make sure to drink at least 8-10 glasses of water everyday to keep your system healthy and skin hydrated. 
  • Take Quick Showers. Especially during winters, it is better to take quick showers with warm water, not hot. 
  • Use a Gentle Soap. Always use gentle body soap or cleanser that does not strip your skin of essential oils. And, if you scrub your body, do it gently with a gentle cream-based body exfoliant, only once a week. 
  • Use a Humidifier During Winters. A humidifier will add moisture to the air to prevent dryness in the air. This will help you retain moisture in the skin, at least when indoors. 
  • Add Hyaluronic Acid to Your Skincare. Hyaluronic acid is a potent potion that works as a humectant for the skin. It absorbs moisture from the air and sucks it into the skin. It also keeps hydration and moisture locked into the skin without letting it evaporate. It hydrates the skin barrier and keeps it protected. Hyaluronic acid is purely used as a serum or as a hydrating ingredient in other skincare products. Not only for dry skin, but it is also one of the best ingredients for every skin type that protects skin from signs of aging.
  • Exfoliate Once a Week. If possible, exfoliate your skin at least once a week with a gentle exfoliator meant for dry skin. You can use a milk-based exfoliator. Exfoliation helps your skin get rid of dead skin cells and regenerate new skin cells. This also protects the skin barrier. 
  • Coconut Oil to the Rescue. Coconut oil works as an emollient that binds the skin cells together and nourishes dry, flaky, cracky, and rough skin. Coconut oil is one of the safest home remedies for dry skin. 
  • Wear Sunscreen. Since UV damage is also one of the possible reasons for dry skin, it is better to stay away from the sun as much as possible. When outdoors, always use a good broad-spectrum sunscreen to protect yourself from all the harmful effects of UV rays.

  • Face Masks. You can soothe dry skin with extra hydration with hydrating face masks. Face masks deliver an instant boost of hydration to the skin. Just a few minutes of application and your skin looks as hydrated and nourished as baby skin. Use a moisturizer after taking off the face mask. Check out face masks from AnsaligyUSA. These face masks have highly hydrating ingredients including hydrogel and hyaluronic acid. They deliver a vegan and cruelty-free dose of hydration to the skin. 

For babies and kids with dry skin, a baby moisturizer would suffice, but when you reach your early 20s, it is essential to follow a daily skincare routine of cleansing, toning, and moisturizing followed by sunscreen and face oil. 

Wrapping Up 

There are many factors that lead to dryness in the skin, but if you take care of your skin and nourish it daily, there’s a good chance you can prevent your body from having dry skin. Just follow a few tips, moisturize, and drink water, and you will be far from having dry skin.


Older Post Newer Post


There are no comments yet. Be the first one to post one!

Leave a comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published.