How good is serum for your skin? Benefits of serum for your skin.
Why should you include serum in your daily skincare routine? How to identify the best serum for your skin?You do so much for your skin, from following a daily skincare routine to weekly exfoliating and masking. But if your daily skincare revolves around cleansing, toning, and moisturizing only, you are certainly not on the right path to healthy skin. You are missing out on one of the most potent potions for skin if ‘serum’ is not one of the steps in your skincare routine. Let us get to know everything about ‘serum’ and why should serum be an important part of your skincare.
What is a ‘Serum’?
Highly concentrated and active ingredients in smaller molecules are easily absorbed by the skin to repair and protect the skin from deep. This is what the serum does for your skin. Serums are lightweight elixirs that contain highly concentrated active ingredients to seep in deep skin layers to repair, protect, hydrate, and nourish the skin.
Owing to their antioxidant and anti-aging properties, serums are highly effective in fighting harmful effects of the environmental stressors (vitamin C serum, retinoids & peptides), hydrating the skin (Hyaluronic acid serum), and pore-minimizing & treating hyperpigmentation (niacinamide serum). Other serums like glycolic acid, lactic acid, and salicylic acid are great for exfoliating the dead skin cells from the surface of the skin and fighting signs of aging.
Benefits of Serum for skinFor many people, a daily skincare routine involves cleansing, toning, and moisturizing, or your favorite most expensive face cream, at best. While, on the other hand, if you include serum in your skincare routine, you are not far from getting healthy, youthful and nourished skin. Let us see a few benefits serum brings along that improves the health and quality of your skin for the years to come.
- Serums are highly absorbing. Serums are made with tiny molecules in a consistency that penetrates easily and quickly into the skin, unlike creams and moisturizers that have occlusives to form a barrier on the skin. Serums penetrate deep inside the skin layers to repair skin from beneath.
- Serums are highly concentrated. Serums are a formulation of highly concentrated active ingredients. It means most effective ingredients are taken in their purest form without diluting them with anything. Higher concentration serums are powerful and highly effective in treating a skin concern.
- Serums are lightweight. Serums have a flowy consistency and are always light on the skin. When you apply the serum to the skin, it gets quickly absorbed and doesn’t feel heavy. Serums are great to layer skincare products owing to their lightweight consistency.
- Serums are highly effective. Owing to the higher concentration of active ingredients in small molecules, serums are easily absorbed in skin layers to work effectively from deep skin, not just on the surface of the skin. Serums are a perfect way to deliver nutrients and vitamins right into the skin cells.
- Serums are for every skin type. Serums have active ingredients that are safe to use on every skin type. However, some serums are used as per your exact skincare concern and skin type. One such serum suitable for every skin type is a hyaluronic acid serum that acts as a humectant to maintain moisture in the skin. Because moisture and water content is needed for every skin type to remain healthy, this makes HA serums highly effective for everyone.
Different types of serums and the ones best for your skin
- Antioxidant Serums. Free radicals caused by environmental stressors and harmful UV rays are the primary cause of premature skin aging. Antioxidants help neutralize free radicals in the skin, warding off wrinkles, fine lines, saggy skin, and dull skin. Highly concentrated antioxidant serums are easily absorbed by the skin and work by boosting collagen, increasing skin elasticity, and keeping all signs of aging away.
- Hydrating Serums. Skin starts to lose moisture in the mid-20s, leaving it vulnerable to the effects of the environment, leading to dry, dull, and dehydrated skin. Dehydrated skin is an open door for wrinkles, fine lines, saggy skin, and other aging skin concerns.
Hyaluronic acid is one such powerful serum that holds 1000 times its weight in water. HA serums are great for every skin type, especially dehydrated and aging skin. The highly concentrated hyaluronic acid serum acts as a humectant to retain hydration and moisture in the deep skin layers to give you plump, firm, and younger-looking skin.
Anyone can start using HA serum from their mid-20s to keep signs of aging away and to get healthier and plumped skin. Remember to use a moisturizer (water-based for oily skin and oil-based for dry skin) after HA serum that helps the serum perform better and also strengthens the protective barrier on the skin. Layer the moisturizer with a facial oil to seal every step.
- Pore minimizing serums. If you have large pores owing to the high sebum production, you need a pore minimizing serum. Serums with niacinamide and salicylic acid are great for pore minimizing. Niacinamide and salicylic acid help in exfoliating the pores and decreasing the sebum production inside the pores. Niacinamide helps in regenerating skin cells while also protecting skin from environmental stressors. It also improves the skin texture as it helps in clearing bumps and acne. Niacinamide (vitamin B3) is also a powerful ingredient for hyperpigmentation. Suitable for every skin type, niacinamide also comes in creams, moisturizers, and face masks.
- Resurfacing Serums. If you have dull skin, you need a resurfacing serum. Why? Because resurfacing serums have AHAs (Alpha-hydroxy Acids) and BHAs (Beta-Hydroxy Acids) that exfoliate dead skin cells to resurface evenly textured and glowing skin. With their exfoliating properties, the AHAs and BHAs clear way for active ingredients in other serums to work. Some AHA and BHA serums you should get are lactic acid, glycolic acid, and salicylic acid. Make sure to use only lactic acid if you have sensitive skin; otherwise, resurfacing serums are best for every skin type. Also, it is advised to use resurfacing serums twice or thrice a week only as their primary work is to exfoliate the dead skin cells.
- Brightening Serums. Brightening serums are another way to bring a glow to dull and lifeless skin. These serums have tranexamic acid, phenylethyl resorcinol, niacinamide,and tetrapeptide-30 that works to fade dark spots and reduce hyperpigmentation. Brightening serums also have antioxidants like vitamin C to neutralize free radicals and even skin tone, improve skin texture and bring a youthful glow to the skin. These ingredients in brightening serums also protect skin from further skin damage. If you face dull skin with dark spots and hyperpigmentation, brightening serums are your go-to option.
How to use Serums?Follow a daily skincare routine with serum as one of the steps:
- Always start by cleansing your face. Use a cleanser as per your skin type.
- Tone with an alcohol-free toner that maintains the pH balance of your skin and cleans any impurities left after cleansing.
- If you are using a resurfacing serum, use it as the third step. Use resurfacing serum only on days you are not exfoliating with a scrub. Wait for 20-30 minutes until you move on to the next step.
- Use a hydrating or antioxidant serum in the fourth step. It is advised to use vitamin C serum in the morning skincare and a hydrating serum like hyaluronic acid in the night skincare.
- Next, use the moisturizer to reap the full benefits of a serum and create a protective barrier on the skin.
- Use a face oil to create a barrier that locks the serum and moisturizer and protects the harmful environmental aggressors from harming the skin. Face oil also provides moisturization and hydration to the skin. Make sure to use the face oil as per your skin type.
- Lastly, for your morning routine, apply a light sunscreen with an SPF of 30. Sunscreen should be the last step in your morning routine. Following a correct skincare routine along with serum preps your face for the day and for the makeup.
Some serums also come packed along with face masks and under-eye patches. These face masks and under-eye patches have potent ingredients like hyaluronic acid, vitamin C, and niacinamide to target specific skin concerns. The face masks and under-eye patches are a great way to instantly repair, revive, and hydrate the skin for a younger-looking glow. It is advised to use face masks and under-eye patches 3-4 times a week along with your regular skincare routine. Using them just before an important event is sure to add a youthful glow to your look.